Jonathon Kimes 5-13

Editor’s Corner April 2019

Texas Dental Association Legislative Day

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Greene Vardiman Black

Greene Vardiman Black (1836–1915), commonly known as G.V. Black, is known as one of the founders of modern dentistry in the United States.  He is also known as the father of operative dentistry.  He was born near Winchester, Illinois on August 3, 1836.  He spent his early life on a farm and quickly developed an interest in the natural world.  After the Civil War, in which he served as a Union scout, he relocated to Jacksonville, Illinois.  It was here that he began an active career and research in the developing field of dentistry.  He studied dentistry for 20 months, as was common at the time, followed by an apprenticeship. He taught in the Dental Department at the University of Iowa, beginning in 1890 before moving to Chicago.

He researched many important topics in dentistry, including the cause of dental fluorosis and ideal cavity preparations.  One of his many inventions was a foot-driven dental drill.  He is also known for his principles of tooth preparations, in which he outlines the proper methods to prepare teeth for fillings.  These cavity preparations used principles of engineering and material sciences to maximize strength and retention of the amalgam filling and minimize fractures as well as tooth anatomy, to minimize pulp exposure.  The phrase, “extension for prevention”, is still famous in the dental community today and represents Black’s idea that dentists should incorporate more grooves and pits than those currently exhibiting decay as a preventive measure against those grooves and pits developing tooth decay in the future, although today ideas have changed and focus much more on minimal intervention.  Black published his concepts and ideals in his text Manual of Operative Dentistry in 1896.

Further, he organized ‘Black’s Classification of Caries Lesions’ which is still in use today.  Since that time, only one more category has been added to his classification system.

Black’s Classification of Caries Lesions:

  • Class I Caries affecting pits and fissures on occlusal third of molars and premolars, occlusal two thirds of molars and premolars, and lingual part of anterior teeth.
  • Class II Caries affecting proximal surfaces of molars and premolars.
  • Class III Caries affecting proximal surfaces of central incisors, lateral incisors, and cuspids without involving the incisal angles.
  • Class IV Caries affecting proximal including incisal angles of anterior teeth.
  • Class V Caries affecting gingival 1/3 of facial or lingual surfaces of anterior or posterior teeth.
  • Class VI (never described by Black, added later by W J Simon in 1956) Caries affecting cusp tips of molars, premolars, and cuspids.

In addition to developing a standard for cavity preparations, G.V. Black also experimented with various mixtures of amalgam.  After years of experimentation, Black published his balanced amalgam formula in 1895.  This formula and its variations quickly became the gold standard and would remain such for almost 70 years.  Black’s son, Arthur continued the legacy of his father, continuing dental research, gaining academic and political support for the importance of the sciences in dental education, and making university education mandatory for dentists.

G.V. Black was the second Dean of Northwestern University Dental School, where his portrait hung until the school’s closure in 2001.  His statue can be found in Chicago’s Lincoln Park.  He was also inducted in the International Hall of Fame of Dentistry of the Pierre Fauchard Academy on February 25, 1995.


David J. Acer

David J. Acer (November 11, 1949 – September 3, 1990) was an American dentist who was accused of infecting 6 of his patients with HIV. One of his alleged victims was Kimberly Bergalis
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Editor’s Corner February 2019

TDA Legislative Day

Wednesday, February 20, 2019

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February 2019 General Meeting

Physical Therapy for the Temporomandibular Dysfunction Patient

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President’s Message February 2019

Citizenship in Dentistry

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2-19ADA Delegate Report

ADA 15th District Capital Area Dental Society Delegate Report American Dental Association Meeting


Committee A: Budget, Business, Membership and Administrative Matters:

Every year it seems the biggest issue is passing a budget for the ADA.  As with all organizations there are always hard expenses which change very little but must be addressed!  This year was one of those years where not raising dues for the previous four years caught up with our Association.  We have had excellent management by our board of directors and treasurer, and the House of Delegates has been diligent in evaluating what expenses to cover with reserve dollars.  This year it was necessary to return to best business practices and raise dues by $22 in order to not continually dip into reserves. This passed the house overwhelmingly!
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New Dentist Corner February 2019

One of the hardest things in our profession is finding a proportional work-life balance.  Especially being a new dentist, that may mean having to work 6 days a week or longer than “ideal” hours.  We want you to know, you’re not alone! The practice of dentistry is an ongoing journey and every patient experience is an opportunity to learn and grow.  Over time, you will learn to fine tune your skill set and hone in on what you truly love to do. The hard work will start to pay off and you will find yourself having more free time for hobbies and other interests, like reading!  A question that gets asked in many social channels are recommendations for books to read that emphasizes leadership, business and professional development. Here are our 2019 top picks for you: “Purple Cow: Transform your Business by Being Remarkable”, “Start with Why”, “The Energy Bus”, and “The Checklist Manifesto”.  Like Mr. Miyagi in the Karate Kid said “First learn to stand, then learn to fly. Nature rule Daniel son, not mine.”  Reading books gives you wings so you can begin to soar into our profession! 



Emily Conley DDS & Rebecca Scott DDS
CADS New Dentist Committee Chairs



Important Legislative Day Deadlines

Legislative Day is TDA’s largest legislative advocacy event, offering members the opportunity to meet, engage, and discuss dentistry issues with their legislators.

The event registration deadline is February 15, 2019. To register for the event, visit Registration is $35 for TDA members and free for dental students.

The deadline for hotel reservations at the Stephen F Austin hotel is Friday, January 25, 2019.For best availability, make reservations online through the Legislative Day webpage. Reservations made after this deadline are subject to space and rate availability.   For more information on Legislative Day events, please contact Rebecca O’Connor